Mosquée Ougred

Mosquée Ougred

Quasiment millénaire, car construite sous les Almoravides.

A Aguerd

A Aguerd

45 minutes du Jardin aux Etoiles

Tombeaux authentiques

Tombeaux authentiques

Mais décrépits

Panneau explicatif

Panneau explicatif

Sur les tombeaux sâadiens.

Grande mosquée de Taroudant

Grande mosquée de Taroudant

Témoignage de la dynastie sâadienne et de la période la plus glorieuse de la cité aux murailles.


Saadian tombs and Almoravid mosque

on the heights near Agadir

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The Saadian Tombs are one of the attractions of the legendary Marrakech . Older than those of the Ocher City, dating from the 16th century, those located in the Atlas, very close to Agadir , are little known, but just as authentic. The last resting place of several emirs, founders of the Saadian dynasty, appears decrepit, not being covered with the fine mosaics added to the Marrakech burials, when they were rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century.

The region of Messguina appears remote today. But, in the past, this perception did not always coincide with reality, on the contrary. Formerly, the Country of Messguina enjoyed considerable prestige and military status. We judge first by what remains left sheiks Saadians considered sheriffs as descendants of Hassan bin `Ali , eldest son of Ali and Fatima Zahra .

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Their last homes are located just above Azrarag, the village of Cha Dane , in the douar (small village) of Aguerd. The mosque of Timzguida Ougard (or Ougred as the Google Maps spells ) is surrounded by a cemetery which contains the tombs of Saadian sheriffs and members of their families, with men and women buried in separate mausoleums . The tombs of the Saadian princes, called “tissâadiyine” by the locals, bear ornaments, unlike other more modest tombs.

Two burials are curiously oriented to the south. All the secrets of these places that deserve proper rehabilitation have not yet been revealed ...


Liberator of Agadir

Historians claim, with supporting documents, that it was in this douar that Sheikh Mohamed Essaadi, main founder of the dynasty, took up residence, in the years between 1540 and 1554, when he was assassinated there, before that his remains are not transferred, headless, to Marrakech to be buried there.

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The fort called Aguelgal (also called Aglagal) served as a checkpoint for caravans who had to pay their right of way. From this position, Sheikh Mohamed Essaadi led armed expeditions against the Portuguese fortress located at the foot of the hill of the current Kasbah of Agadir. The Portuguese occupier, who bought it in 1513, called it Santa Cruz do Cabo de Aguer (Holy Cross of Cape Ghir.   The graves of soldiers who died in combat are next to those of Saadian sheriffs.

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Perched on the heights, the Amtedi barracks offered a panoramic view which made it possible to monitor the entrance to this territory, but also the bay of Agadir, where the Portuguese and the Saadians clashed. Arranged in a horseshoe shape, the douars functioned like small forts to watch over the passage. The Pays de Mesguina, very mountainous, conferred a considerable military advantage.

The Saadian princes succeeded in retaking the fortresses of Mogador (Essaouira) in 1525 and that of Agadir in 1541. Mohamed Essaadi therefore died as a hero, liberator of Agadir. The large number of tombs in the Ougred mosque makes it possible to estimate the duration of the Saadian presence in Aguerd, which would have reached half a century. The constructions surrounding the mosque differ from the local dwellings. They are built according to the Saadian architectural style.

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In 1572, the son and successor of Mohamed Essaadi, Mly Abdellah Al Ghalib, ordered the construction of the current kasbah, fearing the return of the Portuguese. It is therefore not surprising that at the end of 2020, as part of the rehabilitation of the kasbah, the massive wooden door that was the entrance to the kasbah in the 16th century was found.

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Fort d'Aguelgal (appelé aussi Aglagal)
Des tombes dans un piteux état
Mosquée
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Mosquée Ougred
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At the time of the Almoravids

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Aguerd (Ougred) has many secrets to reveal. In addition to the Saadian tombs, this small village houses a Koranic school and a very old mosque dating back four centuries earlier, ie to the time of the Almoravids (1060-1147). It is therefore almost a thousand years old. These buildings are located approximately one kilometer from the site of Fort d'Aguelgal.

It was the time when Youssef Ibn Tachefine, great Almoravid king, but also colonizer before his time , was already watching! - to ensure the safety of caravans loaded with gold and other precious metals from the Sahara. Until the 19th century, the essential passage of the Atlas passed through the gorges of Messguina, located just above Aguerd.

The Saadians kept the mosque and the Koranic school intact, while adding their architectural touch. The school has become a center of learning and theology. It houses a boarding school which, until today, allows future imams to settle and train there. The large room which serves as a prayer and study room has a large opening to the sky.

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Three quarters
hour
from the Garden to the Stars