Igîlîz, un site imprenable

Igîlîz, un site imprenable

L'Anti-Atlas à perte de vue

Au sommet de l'éperon rocheux

Au sommet de l'éperon rocheux

Une configuration destinée à se protéger des assaillants.

Archéologue à l'oeuvre

Archéologue à l'oeuvre

Chaque année, le site livre de nouveaux secrets.

Travaux archéologiques

Travaux archéologiques

Une campagne annuelle est menée en avril, lorsque la chaleur n'est pas trop accablante.

Découvertes récentes

Découvertes récentes

La forteresse comprenait une mosquée principale et une résidence seigneuriale

L'Empire almohade partit d'Igîlîz

L'Empire almohade partit d'Igîlîz

Il s'étendit durant plus d'un siècle à l'Afrique du Nord mais aussi à El Andalous, l'Espagne et une partie du Portugal actuels.

Igîlîz: unknown and fascinating archaeological site

Recently discovered, the archaeological site of Igîlîz is of exceptional interest. In the early 1120s, the fortress of Igîlîz was the starting point of a religious revolution that would lead to the founding of the Almohad Empire, the most powerful empire known to the Muslim West during the time. medieval. These ruins, the trace of which was long lost, are perched on a spur intended to resist the attackers and from which one enjoys a breathtaking view of the surrounding valleys and mountains. They are located about sixty kilometers from Taroudant . It can be reached in two hours from the Jardin aux Etoiles.

Many historians thought that the origin of the Almohads was in Tinmel, a city created beyond the tizi n'Tes t, a hundred kilometers from Marrakech by Ibn Tumert (also spelled Ibn Tumart), founder of the Empire almohad. Today in Tinmel there is only a very visited mosque .

Igîlîz becomes a fortress

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In reality, Ibn Toumert , born in a douar near Igîlîz, took refuge in this landlocked stronghold of the Arghen tribe when the Almoravids drove him from Marrakech. He then claimed to be "impeccable imam" and professed a rigorous morality condemning any distraction including music.

Ibn Toumert knew the impregnable character of this spur. He made it into a fortress. From approximately 1120 to 1124, during his first sermons, he gathered around him the surrounding Berber tribes, peasants, devotees and warriors. He won his first confrontations against the Almoravids. Shortly after, he decided to set up his headquarters in Tinmel.

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Discovered in 2004

Ibn Toumert's initial journey and the genesis of the Almohad Empire have only recently been understood. Historians were looking for the location of this long-forgotten fortress, but could not locate it until, in 2004, a Franco-Moroccan archaeological mission managed to get their hands on it. This mission was led by Abdallah Fili, from the University of El Jadida, and Jean-Pierre Van Staëvel, from the University of Paris-Sorbonne, as well as Ahmed Ettahiri from the National Institute of Archaeological Sciences and heritage. The trio relied on medieval written Arabic sources and on the works of their predecessors.

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In 2015, the mission received, with great fanfare, the Archeology Prize from the Simone and Cino Del Duca Foundation.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.