Agadir Id Aïssa à Amtoudi

Agadir Id Aïssa à Amtoudi

Impressionnant

Vue sur la vallée

Vue sur la vallée

Depuis l'agadir Id Aïssa

Agadir Id Aïssa

Agadir Id Aïssa

Nombreuses ruchers (à gauche) et murs de pierre réhabilités

A l'intérieur de l'agadir

A l'intérieur de l'agadir

Ruelle de pierre menant aux cellules où étaient conservés les biens des habitants d'Amtoudi

Cellules de l'agadir

Cellules de l'agadir

A chaque famille la sienne

Toitures

Toitures

Entièrement refaites selon les normes des techniques traditionnelles

Agadir Aguelly

Agadir Aguelly

Vu de l'oued qu'il domine de 500 mètres

Autour d'Amtoudi

Autour d'Amtoudi

D'impressionnantes montagnes de roche

Amtoudi, unique granaries, built in the rock

This place is unique. The oasis of Amtoudi and its two fortified granaries built in the rock of the Anti-Atlas arouse admiration. These two very old structures were rehabilitated under the direction of the architect-anthropologist Salima Naji, also at the origin of the renewal of the heart of the medina of Tiznit . 3.45 am from the Jardin aux Etoiles.

The village of Amtoudi, which is home to some 300 families, is surrounded by impressive cliffs. Date palms, fig trees, almond trees, apricot trees, olive trees and orange trees stand alongside small fields of corn and barley, as well as vegetable gardens. The inhabitants live mainly from this agriculture. Amtoudi is a stopover on our journey to Tarfaya entitled Grand Sud: mer sublime.

Two charming and simple guest houses and a restaurant welcome visitors drawn by such beauty. We recommend "L'ombre d'arganiers" . The Tigmi Bulbul guesthouse is prone to the changing mood of its boss and cook.

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

The human presence in Amtoudi dates back to more than 10,000 years before our era. Rock engravings that can be admired south of Amtoudi show giraffes and elephants. Shortly after the year 1000 after our era, these populations settled down, hence the construction of fortified granaries dating back to this time.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

Two surviving agadirs

The fortified granaries of the Anti-Atlas are usually built in villages, like those of Ikounka and Imchguiguilm , sometimes on the heights. But only those of Amtoudi are perched on top of a rocky mountain.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

Originally, the surroundings of Amtoudi had six collective and fortified granaries, intended to preserve the goods of the inhabitants, and in the first place the crops, as well as, in case of danger, to serve as refuge.

Four of them have practically disappeared, leaving only a few sections of the wall visible. The other two have survived, having benefited from an indispensable and considerable restoration.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

Id Aïssa and Aguelly

The agadir which dominates Amtoudi and which can be seen immediately above the oasis is called Id Aïssa, which literally means "the family of Aïssa", which also means "Jesus". It is reached on foot in 40 minutes. Obviously, it climbs! The effort is rewarded on arrival.

Dating from the 12th century, this impregnable site and its watchtowers have the reputation of being the oldest agadir in Morocco. Remained in office very late, until 1956, Id Aïssa has 73 cells, used as rooms or to store food. Eighty people could live there. Rainwater was collected by pipes and stored in cisterns. A small mosque has been built above the entrance.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

Smaller, but even more impressive by its dizzying location, the second surviving granary is located about ten kilometers away. Follow the guide if you have the time and interest! You will thus complete a loop that will bring you back to Amtoudi.

Salima Naji's paw

These two igoudar (plural of agadir) have been happily restored thanks to the Franco-Moroccan Salima Naji who supervised the work so that these restorations are carried out in the rules of the art, following traditional methods and in particular , here, the dry stone of the Anti-Atlas, as it did in Tiznit.

The architect-anthropologist worked with former local maâlems, custodians of this ancestral know-how, setting himself the goal of convincing the youngest to learn these techniques. It intends to restore confidence to artisans who doubt local materials and ancestral techniques. Many Moroccans believe that with the rain, the buildings would not hold up. In fact, she says, well built and well maintained, structures last longer than cement ones.

Avoid the all-cement lifestyle

What is essential, insists the architect, "is that in Morocco, traditions are alive, certainly losing momentum, but not dead like elsewhere". In 2016, Salima Naji took advantage of the COP22 organized in Marrakech to plead in favor of "another architecture". Its fight: "To disseminate alternatives to an all-cement way of life". According to her, things are moving slowly: "I have seen people who want change in this country, who want something beautiful, intelligent, something that looks to the future, but do not forget the past ".

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

Watch her speak out in the video below .

 

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

At 3 h 45 of
Jardin aux Etoiles by Tiznit.
In addition to this, you need to know more about it.
The return via Aït Mansour and Tarfraoute is absolutely magnificent but takes more time.
It takes 7 hours!
In addition to this, you need to know more about it.